Overlooking the city of Granada, in southern Spain. This unique and stunning palace of Alhambra called Qalat Al-Hamra. Meaning Red Castle in Arabic. It was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1984. The siege of the Alhambra took place in the year 1482, ending in 1492 when the King Muhammad XII of Granada was forced to sign a treaty which gave over the control of the Emirate of Granada.
Construction of the Alhambra
Originally constructed on the hill named Sabika as a small fortress in the year AD 889 on the remains of Roman fortifications. Founded by the ruler of the Nasrid dynasty, emir Mohammed I ibn Nasr, born in the Arjona region of the Andalusian province of Jaén in 1191 who came to power in 1232. The complex underwent many additions and changes during the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. Its walls enclosed a fortress, baths, mosques, tombs, industries, and a number of palaces and gardens. They could be blocked and along with 30 watchtowers, and four gates it made impossible to penetrate in the event of a siege. The palace was the residence of the emirs who ruled this part of Spain in the 13th and 14th centuries. Twenty-three different Nasrid Emirs / Sultans had their residence here and ruled Granada from the founding of the dynasty in 1232 until 1492. Making it one of the finest examples of the Moorish style in Islamic art and giving a vivid idea of the royal Arab residences in the medieval period.